Obstructive sleep apnoea is the result of a restricted airway and can greatly impact your general health
Sleep apnoea occurs when a patient experiences a restriction of the airway. Because of this restriction, the body doesn’t receive enough air whilst you sleep, causing you to stop breathing for a short period of time. This kick-starts the body’s natural reaction to wake itself up in order to restart breathing. This process can happen hundreds of times each night.
When left untreated, sleep apnoea can cause a wide range of general health problems including fatigue, a lack of focus during the day, in more severe cases it leads to high blood pressure, depression, and an increased chance of stroke and heart disease.
Symptoms of sleep apnoea
Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) is caused by the obstruction of the upper airway and can lead to a range of more serious major health problems such as high blood pressure, heart disease and an increased risk of stroke.
As most symptoms occur whilst asleep, often a family member of partner will notice the symptoms of sleep apnoea before you do. Even though this is the case, you will still notice many signs throughout the day to suggest you are suffering from obstructive sleep apnoea.
- Constant feeling of being tired
- Loud snoring or choking whilst alseep
- Restless sleep
- Waking up regularly during the night
- Feeling out of breath, tired, or very thirsty upon waking
- Grinding your teeth whilst asleep
- Waking up with a sore jaw
- Waking up with headaches
Management of obstructive sleep apnoea
There are a number of options available when treating obstructive sleep apnoea. Depending on the severity of the case, treatment can range from a change in diet and lifestyle to surgery. Often the first option is to make changes to the patient’s diet and if the patient is overweight, weight loss can be very effective. This may often be practiced in conjunction with an oral appliance or CPAP machine. These devices can help create a clear path in the airway for effective breathing during the night.
If these options fail due to the severity of the airway restriction, surgery may be necessary. As with non-surgical treatments, there are a number of different surgical options to help alleviate symptoms of obstructive sleep apnoea. In cases where a patient has narrow jaws, surgical expansion may be performed. If excess tissue of the soft palate is blocking the airway, it may need to be surgically removed. Your surgeon will discuss the most effective method during your initial consultation.
Obstructive sleep apnoea surgery at OMFS Melbourne
If you have been referred for obstructive sleep apnoea management, fill out our patient registration form here!