Wisdom teeth surgery is very common to alleviate pain from impacted wisdom teeth
The most common reason for a patient to be referred for wisdom teeth surgery is due to the wisdom teeth becoming impacted. As well as being very painful, impacted wisdom teeth can cause an array of issues such as infection, tooth decay and damage to neighbouring teeth and gums. Sometimes wisdom teeth may need to be removed due to disease or the presence of cysts and tumours around the wisdom teeth. Your orthodontist may even refer your for wisdom tooth surgery either before or after orthodontic treatment.
Symptoms of impacted wisdom teeth
- Intense pain and soreness in the mouth, which may radiate to the ear or throat
- Infection in the mouth
- Facial swelling
- Swelling of the gum line in the back of the mouth
Why should wisdom teeth be removed?
For some people, the jaw is large enough for the wisdom teeth to erupt properly without surgical intervention. However, many people simply don’t have enough space in the jaw for the wisdom teeth to erupt without affecting the neighbouring teeth and soft tissue.
Wisdom teeth are evolutionary remnants that are no longer necessary for our modern diet and lifestyle. Removal of wisdom teeth won’t have any detrimental affect on your ability to eat, speak and chew. When a patient experiences crowding due to eruption of the wisdom teeth, the wisdom teeth can run into the neighbouring teeth. This is known as wisdom tooth impaction.
An impacted tooth can cause a lot of pain and if not removed, you may develop a range of health issues.
Wisdom tooth removal procedure
Generally, the procedure for wisdom tooth removal is no different to the extraction of other teeth. Depending on the severity of the case, and the location and position of the wisdom tooth, it may need to be either removed in one piece or sectioned prior to removal. In more complex cases, an incision may need to be made and sometimes bone can be removed to aid in the extraction process.
The whole procedure generally takes between 30-60 minutes and depending on the patient, will be completed under local anaesthetic, general anaesthetic or IV sedation.
Wisdom tooth surgery recovery
Your surgeon will provide you with a detailed outline of post-op instructions during your initial consultation. If you were given general anaesthesia or IV sedation you should arrange for someone to pick you up from your surgery. You will be instructed to bite down on a gauge pad to reduce bleeding following surgery and you will provided will appropriate tools to keep the site clean. It is important that a blood clot forms at the site of the extraction in order to stop bleeding. If the blood clot is washed away, you may develop a dry socket, which can be quite painful. In this case, you should contact your surgeon immediately.
Prescriptions for painkillers and antibiotics will be provided to help manage any pain or discomfort in the days following surgery.
Impacted wisdom teeth refer to the third molars at the back of the mouth that don’t have enough space to emerge properly. Impacted wisdom teeth are the most common reason for a patient to be referred for wisdom teeth surgery, as they can cause significant pain, as well as a range of other issues including infection; tooth decay; and damage to the surrounding teeth and gums.
Some of the most common symptoms of impacted wisdom teeth include intense pain in the mouth, which may radiate all the way to the ear or throat; an infection in the mouth; facial swelling; and swelling of the gum line in the back of the mouth.
In most cases, the procedure for the removal of wisdom teeth is no different to the extraction of other teeth. A wisdom tooth may need to be removed in either one piece or sectioned prior to removal, depending on the severity of the case as well as the location and position of the tooth. In complex cases, it might be necessary for your dentist to make an incision and remove some bone to aid the extraction process.